IF YOU MUST MILK IT!
July 16, 2011 at 6:41 PM
Researchers at the University of Granada have found that goat milk has nutritional characteristic beneficial to health. They have determined that goat milk has many nutrients that make it similar to human milk. The regular consumption of goat milk by individuals with iron deficiency anaemia improve their recovery, since it enhances the nutritional use of iron and enhance the regeneration of haemoglobin: this means that this type of milk minimizes calcium and iron interactions. Conversely this type of milk protects DNA stability even in cases of iron overload caused by prolonged use of this mineral to treat anaemia. The researchers found that goat milk contains less casein alpha 1 as human milk which is responsible for most allergies to cow milk. Therefore goat milk is hypoallergenic. Additionally goat milk has more oligosaccharides with a composition similar to that of human milk. These compounds reach the large intestine undigested and act as prebiotics, ie they help develop probiotic flora that compete with pathogenic bacteria flora. Goat milk contains a lower proportion of lactose than cow milk about 1% less and, as it is easier to digest, individuals with intolerance to this milk sugar may tolerate goat milk.
The essential difference between the composition of cow and goat milk stems from the nature of their fat content. Goat milk contains more essential fatty acids (linoleic and arachidonic acid) than cow milk. Goat milk has 30-35% medium chain fatty acids while cow milk has only 15-20%. These fatty acids are a quick source of energy and are not stored as body fat. In addition, goat milk’s fat reduces total cholesterol levels and maintains adequate levels of triglyceride and transaminases which make it a food of choice for the prevention heart disease.
Goat milk is rich in calcium and phosphorus. It is highly bioavailable and favours their deposition in the organic matrix of bone, leading to an improvement in bone formation parameters. It also has more zinc and selenium which are essential micronutrients contributing to the antioxidant defence and for the prevention of neurodegenerative diseases.
For all these reasons, goat milk can be considered a natural, functional food and may be better suited to those with an allergy or intolerance to cow milk, malabsorption, high cholesterol levels, anaemia, osteoporosis or prolonged treatment with iron supplements, so if you must milk it …